Frequently Asked Questions About Chlamydia
What is Chlamydia
Chlamydia is a common STD that can infect both men and women. If left untreated though it can cause serious, permanent damage to a woman’s reproductive system.
How is it transmitted
The most prevalent mode of transmission is through vaginal sex, oral or anal sex or through sharing sex toys with infected persons. It can be transmitted through both heterosexual and homosexual contact.
What are the symptoms
Chlamydia often has no symptoms, so that people don’t know they have it. Symptoms are different in men and in women and may appear from 5 to 10 days after transmission of the bacteria.
In women, symptoms can include:
Abnormal vaginal discharge or discharge from the cervix
Bleeding between periods
Pain or bleeding during urination
The urge to urinate frequently
Swelling around the vaginal or anus
Pain during intercourse
Vaginal bleeding with intercourse
In men symptoms can include:
Pain or burning during urination
Watery or milky discharge from the penis
Swelling around the anus
Swollen or tender testicles
How is it treated
Chlamydia infections are treated with antibiotics, such as azithromycin or doxycycline.
You should take the medication exactly as directed to completely eliminate the bacteria. Your doctor may also recommend that your partner also be treated.
You and your partner should not have sex until treatment is completed. Re-infection with Chlamydia bacteria is common. You should be re-tested every three months to ensure the infection has been eliminated.
How can I prevent
Just like other infectious diseases, the only sure way to prevent Chlamydia is by avoiding sexual contact with infected persons.
One can, however, reduce the risk of infection by:
Use of male or female condoms during any act of sexual encounter.
Avoiding sharing of sex toys.
Performing safe oral sex by use of a dental dam.
What to do if diagnosed
If you are in doubt with your sex partner, and you suspect you have Chlamydia, it's important to visit a health clinic to have the test performed on you. The severity of the diseases is usually lower when the symptoms are treated at an early stage.